Grapes and Wines in Provence


 

Vaucluse wines - Cotes du Ventoux and Cotes du Luberon

Nestled in a long valley between the Ventoux Mountains and the Luberon Mountains are the appellations area of AOC Ventoux and AOC Cotes du Luberon. They share the calcareous soils of the Vaucluse, which, along with the hot and dry Mediterranean climate, are very conducive to producing pleasant, smooth wines.

Principal red grapes 

Black Grenache:
This type of vine brings to the wines of Luberon its alcohol, its fine flavours fine and its low acidity in the mouth. It accounts for approximately 40% of the area's red grapes.

Syrah:
Syrah brings its colour, its structure, acidity, tannin and powerful flavours, it is the ideal complement for Grenache. It accounts for approximately 30% of area and its planting area grows each year.
These two type of vines, Grenache and Syrah, account for approximately 70% of the cepage of red wines.

Carignan:
Carignan brings volume but little structure to the wine, its surface area planted is being reduced, it does not now account for any more than 20% of production.

Cinsault:
Like the Carignan, it is an auxiliary type of vine which area accounts for no more than 7% of red wines.

Mourvèdre:
Given its late ripening, the Mourvèdre is not very widespread in the Luberon. However, in certain zones, it can express its strengths (round tannins, complex nose, beautiful aptitude for ageing).

There are also secondary type of vines (picpoul, counoise, gamay, pinot) but they are limited to 10% of area and are not often any more employed in the development of red wines AOC Côtes of Luberon.

The Cotes du Ventoux appellation

Area: covers 7801 hectares from Puymeras to Apt. 
Production: red wines 80%, roses wines 17%, white wines 3%
Characteristics:
Reds - very exuberant with aromas of red fruit and spices evolving towards truffle, resin and leather.
Roses - very floral with rosebuds along with fruiter notes of cherry and raspberry.

The Cotes du Luberon appellation

Area: Covers 4181 hectares all within the Luberon Regional National Park
Production: red wines 67%, rose wines 20%, white wines 13%.
Characteristics: 
Reds - brilliant colour ranging from purple to ruby with notes of red fruit, full-bodied.
Roses - beautiful cherry colours, rank among the great Provencal wines.
White - very pale with floral tones.

 

Principal white grapes

 

White Ugni:
Traditional type of vine, it accounts for 57% of planting of white grapes. Its area is decreasing as more aromatic grape varieyies arfe being planted.

White Grenache:
In assembly, the white grenache brings roundness, alcohol and flavours. It covers approximately 20% of plantings.

Vermentino (Rolle):
Associated with the white grenache, it makes it possible to produce full, unctuous wines, with citrus fruits flavours long in the mouth. It covers already nearly 8% of the area of white grapes.

Pale white:
One of the oldest types of vines known in Provence. On dry, hot and stony ground, it gives wines rich in alcohol with fine complex floral flavours.

 

Bourboulenc:
Under favourable conditions (hot zones, dry and well drained grounds) the bourboulenc gives fresh and aromatic wines of a floral nature.

Secondary types of white vines  

Roussanne:
Planted on hot, stony and well drained grounds, it gives elegant high-class floral flavours, and is rich in alcohol.

Marsanne:
It requires the same conditions of plantation as the Roussanne, it has interesting flavours, less intense than those of the Roussanne.